Apr 02, 2018
When you think about how much money you will need in retirement, you may consider your living costs, travel expenses and hobbies you would like to enjoy. But you may be overlooking one of the largest costs for most retirees: health care. A recently retired couple will need an average of $275,000 to cover medical costs, even after Medicare coverage, according to research by broker Fidelity Investments. Medical prices have nearly doubled in the past twenty years, according to statistics kept by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Here are some tips to meet the challenge of rising health care costs without compromising your other retirement goals:
- Save more now. The best way to manage rising health care costs is to save more money before you retire. Consider maximizing your annual contributions to your tax-advantaged employer 401(k) plan and your IRAs.
- Use health savings accounts. If you are eligible, save money in health savings accounts (HSAs). HSAs allow you to contribute pre-tax money to an account that can be invested like a 401(k) or IRA. HSA funds are not taxed if the funds are used to pay for qualified medical, dental or vision expenses. If you are eligible, you can contribute up to $6,900 a year in a family plan, or $7,900 if you are age 55 or older.
- Reduce costs by being network-smart. Out-of-pocket health care costs rise considerably if you use doctors or facilities out of your insurer network. Even if your primary doctor and clinic is in your insurer's network, a specialist or testing center may fall outside of it. Be sure to check your insurer's network rules before each visit to a new doctor or location.
- Use alternative providers. Consider avoiding hospital visits and emergency rooms when practical. If you have the option to go to a clinic or urgent care center, out-of-pocket costs are often a fraction of out-of-pocket costs at a hospital.
- Reduce Medicare premiums. A large portion of the cost of retiree health care comes from Medicare premiums, which rise according to several tiers of income brackets. To pay the lowest rate, keep your adjusted gross income below $85,000 if you are single, or $170,000 if you are married filing jointly. There are various tax-planning strategies you can use to stay below the threshold, including managing required minimum distributions from retirement accounts and Social Security payments with your other sources of income.